Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader in the real sense. He did not live for self; but spent his whole life for the good of his country and its people. He was a man of firm determination and strong will-power. Undeterred by any opposition or consequences, he pursued his mission single-handedly and was even followed by lakhs and lakhs of people afterwards.
Affectionately called ‘Bapu’ by most of his countrymen, Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. His full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. During his school days, he was greatly influenced by the characters of King Harish Chandra and Shravan Bhakta.
While his first model taught him to be truthful in life, the second ideal imparted him the lesson of being obedient to one’s parents.
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After passing his matriculation in 1887, he went to London to study law and returned to India in 1891. Though he started practice as a lawyer, he met with little success. The main obstacle was his decision not to tell lies, or fabricate facts to win a case.
His stay in South Africa from 1893 onward, proved to be a turning point in his life. Though his initial law assignment was only for one year, he spent 21 years, fighting against the racial discrimination there. He himself was abused because of his Indian nationality. It was, actually, in South Africa that Gandhi put to test his weapons of Satyagraha and civil disobedience, called ‘Satyagraha’ to awaken the dormant masses.
He made experiment with community living at the Phoenix Farm and the Tolstoy Farm. There he took upon himself the job of a teacher, a cook, a nurse and a gardener and a scavenger. It was here that he gave a new concept for education.
Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and soon became an acclaimed leader of the nationalist movement for freedom. He opposed the unjust policies of the British government without any fear or restraint.
He forced the government to withdraw the Rowlatt bill vehemently, organised protests against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar and marched to the sea to make salt from the water. This was to show his total opposition to the Salt Act.
Gandhi was a role model of ‘Simple living and high Thinking’. He lived and dressed like a fakir and enjoyed living amongst the poorest of the poor. He did a lot to improve the social status of women, backward classes and fought against untouchability.
He was also a very good writer. His autobiography ‘My Experiments with Truth’ is a true picture of his life. It was, however, very sad and tragic that this devotee of ‘non-violence’ was shot dead on January 30, 1948. A shocked India and saddened world mourned his death.
Mahatma Gandhi essay
A very simple essay about a very extraordinary man, here we provide an essay on ‘bapu’, the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Who with his deed always stay as an immortal hero in the hearts of Indians. This essay is about Mahatma Gandhi for students and children in a very basic language which could be helpful for any school, college, assignment exam or competition.
Popularly known as Rastrapitta or father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, in the present state of Gujarat. born in a Hindu merchant family his father served as dewan of the portabdar state. His middle name karachand is his father’s name which was used along with Mohandas in his name.
One of the great figures of freedom fight of India, Rabindranath Tagore also named him THE MARTYR OF THE NATION’ since 1948 as he played very vital role in the freedom of India from the British rule of 200 years.
At the age of 18, he did his law from London and went to British colonies to practice his law were a life changing incident happened.
At South Africa in 1914 he was thrown out of a local transportation because of his dark skin tone and was humiliated for being a black and sitting with a white man, this incident made him decide to change the world of black and make them stand equal to the white man. In 1890 he returned back to India and started his freedom struggle to free the mind body and souls of Indians from all kind of evils.
Gandhi and his work
At the age of 40, Gandhi initiated a Non-cooperation movement in 1920. Where for the first time in history such a huge number of Indians, irrelevant of cast and class gathered together against the British to free India. the idea was to show non-cooperation to the British rule by all Indians in unity.
In 1930 the civil disobedience movement was started which was to disobey all the rules made by British Raj, its main focus remained on disobeying the salt law by doing a salt satyagraha
Quit India moment in 1942 played a very important role in India’s freedom as it was the direct demand for freedom by not providing any kind of help in World War 2 which British were fighting in Europe.
Other than this recognisable event, Mahatma Gandhi did go to jail often for various course. Gandhi was a torch holder who showed the path of independence to all. But through a principal of nonviolence and truth.
Mahatma Gandhi did play a war but a war with no weapon. The sword of non-violence and the shield of truth were his only weapons which helped India gain freedom and united the nation under one flag.
His idea was to control body and mind for better life. He believed that the body should be controlled by the mind and mind by the soul, only this way of life will lead to an enlightenment.
He believes in living with morals and he did achieve to spiritualized politics by his idea of truth justice and non-violence. He believed in accepting the bigger truth of life which is ‘working for others’
And his very famous principle of life was, ‘simplicity’ he lived a very simple and self-made life where he wore simple, live in the very simple atmosphere and ate vegetarian food. He did not live a life full of facilities. He believes that all man must live a simple life to gain the satisfaction of living.
A social reformer
Mahatma Gandhi just not led various movements against British Raj but along with it, he fought against all the evils prevailing in the society. He strived to work towards removing untouchability from the society and provide all the citizens of India an equal stage to live on. He named all the untouchables as ‘harijan’, the people of God where ‘jan’ means people and ‘hari’ stand for God. He himself practised the idea of equality by doing all his daily work by his own irrespective of the type of the work.
He along ignited the light of ‘swadeshi ’ which means ‘ to our country’ and promoted to use goods made in our country and abolish the use of foreign goods as it will boost Indian market, make Indian citizen independent and make the British suffer a loss in business as their markets will fall. For promoting this idea he himself weaved his own cloth on a wooden spindle ‘the charkha’ which later became a very popular symbol of Indian freedom.
He also supported agriculture and promoted people to increase farming of Indian crop and work in the agriculture field.
Mahatma Gandhi is an unforgettable figure for Indians as he played a very important figure in preventing Indian freedom from the British rule but to a very unfortunate, he was assassinated right after Indians independent by one of his own man. Nathuram Godse believed to be his very close man killed him on 30th of January 1948 at Birla House by a gunshot. He believed Gandhi to be a reason for India’s partition. Mahatma Gandhi was cremated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi, and 30th of January annually is acknowledged as martyr day in to pay regard to him in India.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, father of the nation, revolutionaries, a man of morals and virtue, a change maker and ideal to all. While living he played a hero and after death, he played an inspiration. Mahatma Gandhi yet lives in each Indian’s heart and will always be recognised worldwide for being the change we all are living today.